Semi-Supervised Learning

Semi-Supervised Learning

« Back to Glossary Index

Semi-Supervised Learning is a machine learning paradigm that falls between Supervised Learning and Unsupervised Learning. It involves using a dataset that is partially labeled – meaning that some of the data samples have known output labels, while others do not. The primary goal of semi-supervised learning is to leverage the information in the unlabeled data to improve the learning performance, especially when obtaining a fully labeled dataset is expensive or time-consuming.

The rationale behind semi-supervised learning is that even though the unlabeled data does not provide direct supervision, it still contains valuable information about the underlying structure and distribution of the data. By incorporating this information, the algorithm can often achieve higher accuracy and generalization than using the labeled data alone.

There are several approaches to semi-supervised learning, including:

Self-Training: The model is initially trained with the labeled data. Then, it is used to make predictions on the unlabeled data, and some of these predictions (often those with high confidence) are added to the training set with their predicted labels.

Multi-view Learning: If different feature sets (views) are available for the unlabeled data, the consistency between the views can be enforced.

Generative Models: These models try to model the joint distribution of the data and labels, and then use this to make predictions.

Graph-based Methods: The data is represented as a graph where nodes are samples and edges represent similarities between samples. Labels are then propagated through the graph.

Co-Training: It involves training two classifiers on two different views of the data and using each one to label the unlabeled data for the other.

Semi-supervised learning is particularly useful in scenarios where acquiring labeled data is costly, labor-intensive, or infeasible, but there is an abundance of unlabeled data. Examples include image and speech recognition, where labeling requires human expertise, and biological applications, where experiments for labeling are expensive.

It is important to approach semi-supervised learning with caution, as incorrect pseudo-labels or assumptions can sometimes degrade performance. Proper validation and model selection techniques are essential.

« Back to Glossary Index

Let's create something amazing.

Coffee Much?

Built in center of everything 🌎 Indianapolis, IN.

Privacy Policy